tv BBC World News America PBS July 15, 2011 4:00pm-4:30pm PDT
>> this is bbc world news america reporting from washington. and i'm jeanne o'brien. resignations at the top of the empire. rebecca brooks resigned as the fallout continues. after years with barely a drop of rain, some regions in kenya are paying a hefty price. >> normally, this area would be teeming with cattle and goats, but as you can see, it is completely empty. >> and her puzzles have stunned people for decades. now the woman behind those creative crosswords shares the tricks of the trade. ♪ >> and welcome.
amid a firestorm of conspiracy today -- controversy today, two tendered their resignations. first it was rebecca brooks, a dog by allegations over her role in the scandal and illegal payments to police officers. then this afternoon came word that less hinton -- les hinton is stepping down. this report contains some flash photography. >> it is the day that the chief executive walked away from the company she had served for half her life, the day when her friend and lawyer walked into a hotel to say sorry to the family who was the victim of his papers wrongdoing. rebecca's -- rebecca brooks is the highest standing casualties so far. as for the past 10 days she has been at the heart of the storm. now she has decided to step
away. in her statement she said, "as you can imagine, recent times have been tough. i now need to focus on the distortions and rebut the allegations about my record as a journalist, and executive." she said she set -- she felt a deep sense of responsibility for the people that news international has hurt. rex i am pleased that rebecca brooks has finally accepted -- >> i am pleased the rebecca brooks has finally accepted responsibility for the people that were heard on her watch. this is not just about one individual. it is about the culture of an organization. >> the man picked to replace for becher brooks is already at his desk. and he has been brought in from italy. james murdock thank ms. burke's fourth 22 years of service, adding that she can be proud of
her many accomplishments as an executive. we will support her as she take steps to clear her name. one of news international's more vocal critics stated a desire for her to remain on the bridge. >> she did not know what was going on or what direction it was. that is why she has gone? this afternoon, rupert murdoch acted to underline -- >> this afternoon are rupert murdoch acted to underline her actions, traveling to see his daughter. -- to see the family of and the daughter that was the victim that has sparked this outrage. >> it was a private meeting.
i was appalled to find out what had happened. that is why i went there to apologize. >> this solicitor's vote for the family. >> he was humbled to give -- spoke for the family. >> he was humbled to give a full and sincere apology to the family. the dollar family told him -- dowler family told him that his paper should lead the way to set the standard for honesty and decency, and not what has gone before. >> tomorrow, rupert murdoch's signature will appear on a further apology in every one of the u.k. papers. the news of the world was in the business of holding others to account, he said, and it failed when it came to itself. rebecca brooks may have left the bridge, but her role in this forthcoming story will ensure
she remains in the headlines. the fallout continues on both sides -- >> the fallout continues on both sides of the of that -- atlantic. the chief executive of the dow jones is stepping down. i spoke to norah trevelyan in new york about the significance of this departure. >> the reason that lez hinton is important in this whole saga is that he is the chairman of news international of around the time that the phone hacking was at its height. and he spoke before harlot -- before parliament on two different occasions and said that both times it was confined to one incident. -- to one reporter. but there were others that have
testified that they knew that it went beyond just one reporter. mr. minton testified that if it went further he did not know about it. -- mr. hinton testified that if it went further he did not know about it. what is notable in all of this is that the people who have lost their jobs have not been family members. the murdoch's remain firmly in control of the company. >> in other news, security forces in syria have shot dead at least 32 protesters across the country. throughout the day, hundreds of thousands of people staged some of the biggest protests so far against the rule of president assad. police have reportedly fired live ammunition and tear-gas into the crowd of protesters. meanwhile in egypt, thousands rallied in the nation's two largest cities five months after president mubarak was removed
from power. the protesters are become increasingly impatient with the military rulers in the interim. they are demanding that those who are accused of killing activist during the uprising be put on trial. in libya, the fighting continues, but the main opposition group was given a demand -- diplomatic boost. the united states recognizes the rebels as the governing authority. the announcement came from istanbul, where secretary of state hillary clinton is meeting with other leaders. for more on the potential impact of this move, i spoke with the bbc state department correspondent. what exactly does this mean? >> it is quite significant. it will give the transitional council of libya, the libyan opposition group, a much-needed diplomatic and identity boost beyond what they have received so far. but crucial to that is they will be able to receive the frozen
assets of the libyan government. some of that money is badly needed by the libyan opposition groups because they are in charge of territory in libya and they need to be able to be a functioning authority there. there need to be services with the municipalities and so on. that will enable countries like the united states to start unfreezing some of those assets and start giving them money. >> why has it taken the u.s. so long to come up with this particular wording? >> when this crisis started, nobody knew with the rebels were. -- who the rebels were. there was some hesitation over how fast we give them legitimacy. it has and an interesting course of language. it started with the u.s. recognizing them as "a" legitimate representative and now it is "the" legitimate
representative. now the u.s. is recognizing them as the legitimate governing authority. you do not want to give them too much legitimacy, so they are not a government. you do not want to undermine the holding of elections down the road. you want to make sure that this authority does not hold onto power. >> an important question also, will this make any difference on the ground? will this give rivals any support within libya itself? >> colonel gaddafi, who was holding onto power in tripoli is firmly rejecting that recognition. there does not seem to be an end game in sight when it comes to the military operations. we are seeing something of a stalemate on the ground. but the credibility boost, the diplomatic boost that the tnc got today might help them to stand their ground for a bit longer. but they're starting to be impatient.
>> now to the global economy. today, eurozone nations announced they will hold a summit in brussels to discuss how to handle the debt crisis and to provide fresh aid for greece. it comes as a to european banks failed stress test to see if they could cope with a future financial meltdown. >> the financial health of europe's banks have come under the spotlight once again. 90 of the biggest banks across the continent have been tested to see how they cope with the stresses and strains of another recession and financial meltdown. the stress tests come at a different -- a difficult time for european markets. investors are on high alert over economic problems in greece, portugal, ireland, and more recently in spain. last year's stress tests were seen as too soft, especially when two irish banks collapsed after -- just months after being given a clean bill of health.
they have since beefed up the tests to see how banks will cope with the following -- a sharp fall and value of investments across europe's, including share and investment, and it defaults -- 84 economically. they have to show how much money for capital they have to withstand losses. >> it still does not fully reflect what the market is saying today about the worst case for greek dead, possibly italian debt. -- greek debt, possibly italian debt. >> eight banks have failed the test. the five from spain, to from greece, and an austrian bank. they will be working with their governments over the weekend on plans to strengthen their
balance sheets. all four u.k. banks were given a clean bill of health. investors will be pouring over the huge amounts of details today to run their own stress test and they will give their verdict on monday morning when europe's markets are open for business. >> europe is hardly alone in trying to get their financial house in order. today, president obama said time is running out to reach a deal and cut the deficit and debt ceiling. he stressed the consequences for all americans if an agreement is not reached before the looming august 2 deadline. >> congress has run up the credit card and we have an obligation to pay our bills. if we do not, we could have a whole set of adverse consequences. we could end up with a situation, for example, where interest rates rise for everybody throughout the
country, affectively a tax increase on everybody. >> joining me to discuss where the negotiations stand is joe williams, white house reporter for politico. president obama is saying time is running out. are they any closer? >> they are close, but not closer. it is sort of a paradox. on the one hand, very hard negotiating positions, but the clock is also ticking. the time, is out there and everybody recognizes it, which is a far cry from where we were a week ago. we were scoffing at the fact that the debt ceiling, if it failed to get raised, it would have any consequences at all. you have the president giving announcements twice in one week. they are laying out the scenario. staff is working around the clock on it this weekend. if the leaders reach something that looks promising, they will reconvene and talk it over. >> the financial markets are still very worried that the two sides are too far apart to come
up with a deal. what will be the consequence? rex absolutely dire. they are talking financial armageddon. certainly, a recession, and others are saying that is the least of what could happen. they are discussing a lot of the arwin that has to be paid back is domestic. -- a lot of the bar wing that has to be paid back is domestic. those people that depend on getting a paycheck, that has been recirculated back into the economy -- if that does not happen, they are extremely worried about a second recession that will be much more difficult to come out of. >> if the deadline is not reached, who could be the first to feel the effect? talking thesident was senior citizens and those who are vulnerable. peoplthe most honorable would fl the first -- field id first.
>> who are americans blame for the crisis? >> they are blaming in one fell swoop, congress. specifically, republicans who have been demonstrated as being intransigent by the president and pretty adept at political maneuvering. he has been on tv and he has been having his sordid c'mon tim geithner, come out and talk. -- his surrogates, tim geithner, come out and talk. he has been on tv saying that he has bent over backwards. and you guys have to give something, too. that message is starting to come out. the american people are starting to understand that republican intransigence is the issue. >> the tea party members think that if there is a default it will help them. >> exactly, and they are among what is being dubbed as the "
heck no!" conference. they are saying that the default does not matter. if you run out of money on your credit card you do not ask for an extension. you pay what is there. -- they areying saying that the dire consequences are being oversold by the president. >> you are watching bbc world news america. still to come on tonight's program, dropped as far as the eye can see. the world is being asked to help kenya. queen elizabeth has paid tribute to the code breakers who worked at let me park in england during world war ii. they cracked the german code. >> there were some of the darkest days of the second world
war, but britain's survival was in the balance. out in the a plan to, and -- in the atlantic on shipping convoys were bringing the supplies and munitions, but they were being sought by german submarines. it off heather's nottie germany threatening to win. this is blechly park. seven years ago, these were some of britain's most vital establishments. it was here that they broke the code of the german military. the most brilliant mathematician, crossword lynn was and others were brought together. -- crossword linguists and others were brought together.
the british built this to help break the code. it was called colossus. it is generally considered to be the world's first computer. with its coats, which had taken the codebreakers six days to crack by hand, it could not happen in a matter of hours. >> we would have lost the war without it. is that important. >> 70 years after the code breakers worked in total secrecy, their work, which is -- which is said shortened the war by perhaps two years, received the gratitude of the nation. [applause] >> it is a drug that threatens -- a drought that threatens 10 million people and the international community is being asked to help. a huge fund raiser is under way for the victims of the worst
drought in africa in six decades. people are waging a deadly fight against famine and disease. our correspondent has been traveling through some of the worst affected areas in northeastern kenya. he sent this report. >> this is northeastern kenya, one of the poorest parts of the country. the landscape is parched. the lives of its people are blighted by drought. in one hospital we found this three-month old. she weighs barely more than a bag of sugar. less than half the weight of a healthy newborn child. andnow there's another -- her malnourished mother is weak. >> my daughter is alive now, she told me. but i worry about when i have to take her home. we have so little.
in the bed -- >> in the bed opposite, and other consumed by malnutrition. she gave birth just before we arrived. but she is greeting. her son was buried an hour ago. -- but she is grieving. her son was buried an hour ago. her father took us to his village and explain how the drought had wrecked lives. >> all our animals are dead. there is no grazing pasture. because there is no rain. so, we have nothing. >> a short walk away, rotting animal carcasses baked in the sun. >> this village is typical of so many communities in this part of rural northeastern kenya. they rely on livestock for everything, milk, food. if the animals are sold, also for income. this area would normally be teeming with cattle and goats, but as you can see, it is
completely empty. >> dusty roads around here twist through a land that has not seen rain for close to three years. we found this village. hot, tired, and underfed. >> he is a big -- severely malnourished. >> with the right supplement, he and so many others can survive. >> we are saving children's lives with the generosity of the british public. but we can also help these communities rebuild their lives, restock their animals. and when they finally rains, harvest the water. that is equally important. >> help came too late for this baby, buried at just 20 days old. the sharp twist around his grave stop hyenas from digging up his body. -- the sharp twigs and around
his grave stop hyenas from the king of his body. -- from digging up his body. >> now a woman who has spent her career stumping us all. you probably do not know laura jacobson's name, but chances are you have picked up one of proposals. decided it is time to put your dictionary on the shelf. she talks about what it takes to make a career in crossword. >> i got it, ok. my name is laura jacobson and i am a chris of herbalist -- cruciverbalist, which means, someone who makes of crossword puzzles. cruci coming from crossword and
verbal is coming from word. -- a verbalist coming from word. margaret farrah was the real start of crossword puzzles in this country. she was very helpful and gave me hints on where i went wrong and how i should proceed. and her successor started publishing my puzzles in the sunday times and when "q" magazine wanted a crossword puzzle, this gentleman suggested me. within two years, "q" was taken over by new york magazine and that was in 1980. that was my last job. now i need a dalavowel.
you have to have two of every length word because a puzzle must be symmetrical. it could be great, but there is no such word beginning with "rp." that is the hardest part of starting a puzzle. i think it is harder to make up a puzzled and to solve it. -- a puzzle than to solve it. it has taught me a great deal. especially some of the words that are in crossword puzzles. if some of them are really silly, but the ones that are interesting have given me a different slant on language. i feel i have gained something there. i have learned. >> maura jacobson there on her
decades of teasing us all with those crossword puzzles. but if games of luck are more your speed, here is a story for you. a retired couple from scotland are the winners of the mass of -- massive lottery. their prize, 185 million bureaus, the equivalent of $260 million. it puts them among the 500 richest people in britain. as for reactions, they were tickled pink. i think i would have put it more slightly stronger than that -- slightly more stronger than that, but you can read it along with the rest of the day's news at bbc.com/news. plus, check out our facebook page. for all of us at bbc world news america, thank you for watching and have a great weekend.
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